EC Nutrition

Research Article Volume 18 Issue 4 - 2023

The Influence of Marital Status on BMI Level among Nigerian Adults

AS Adekoya1,2,3* and CI Ojo3

1SAM Obesity Consult, Nigeria
2Oasis High School, Abeokuta, Nigeria
3Federal Cooperative College, Ibadan, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author: AS Adekoya, SAM Obesity Consult, Nigeria.
Received: April 09, 2023; Published: April 24, 2023

Introduction: The influence of socio-economic factors on overweight and obesity remains a complex issue. The effect of all these factors across varies across nation, whether developing countries or developed countries. This study aimed at evaluating the influence of marital status on BMI level.

Materials and Methods: 240 respondents were studied cross-sectionally in the rural and urban localities of Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria. Socio-economic variables such as education, profession, occupation, employment, disposable income, residence, marital status, financial aid, age sex, heritage were obtained and assessed. The anthropometric measurements of weight and height were measured to compute the Body Mass Index (BMI kg/m2) of the respondents). Descriptive statistics of numbers, percentages and mean ± standard deviation were constructed.

Results: The mean weight for rural subjects males and females, were 75.6 ± 8.11 kg and 81.5 ± 9.60 kg respectively. The mean BMI was higher among the rural married group (32.44 ± 3.36 kg/m2 for males) than the urban married group (30.15 ± 4.59 kg/m2 for males). The mean BMI was higher among the urban single/ never married/unmarried group (36.11 ± 5.13 kg/m2 for females) than the rural single/never married/unmarried group (30.01 ± 4.13 kg/m2 for females).

Conclusions: The Body Mass Index increased differently across the marital status groups, when compared. The values are higher among the females than the males in each of the groups, but much more prominent increase among the widow/divorce/separate. This can be said to be due to sedentary or less stress nature of this group of respondents increased health literacy, nutrition education and relationship is advocated for this vulnerable group.

Keywords: BMI; Weight; Marital Status; Obesity

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AS Adekoya and CI Ojo. "The Influence of Marital Status on BMI Level among Nigerian Adults". EC Nutrition 18.4 (2023): 60-67.