EC Nutrition

Review Article Volume 18 Issue 5 - 2023

The Effect of Maternal Underweight in Pregnancy and Pre-pregnancy on Fetal Birth Weight

Ecenur Özkul Erdoğan* and Joudi Swaid

Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Bahcesehir University, Istanbul, Turkey

*Corresponding Author: Ecenur Özkul Erdoğan, Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Bahcesehir University, Istanbul, Turkey.
Received: April 25, 2023; Published: May 17, 2023

Pregnancy is a critical stage for pregnant women who must receive highly advanced medical, social and psychological care. Pregnant women encounter the most common problems: malnutrition, underweight/overweight, obesity, and bad follow-up. Medical research conducted about pregnancy indicated that both women to be pregnant and pregnant women face complications that will surely affect the fetus’s health and birth weight. With this research, we are going to discuss the risk factors of being underweight, plus the weight loss’ reasons for pregnant women such as hyperemesis gravidarum, intrahepatic cholestasis, preeclampsia, eating disorders, poor diet and anemia, and adolescence. We will conclude with the outcomes of being underweight on both fetus, maternal life, and health.

Keywords: Pregnancy; Underweight; Eating Disorders; Adolescence

  1. Arnold C., et al. “The effects of eating disorders in pregnancy on mother and baby: a review”. Psychiatria Danubina3 (2019): 615-618.
  2. Ward VB. “Eating disorders in pregnancy”. BMJ7635 (2008): 93-96.
  3. Helgstrand S and Andersen AMN. “Maternal underweight and the risk of spontaneous abortion”. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica12 (2005): 1197-1201.
  4. Ante Z., et al. “Pregnancy outcomes in women with anorexia nervosa”. The International Journal of Eating Disorders5 (2020): 403-412.
  5. Konlan KD., et al. “Practices of pica among pregnant women in a tertiary healthcare facility in Ghana”. Nursing Open3 (2020): 783-792.
  6. Al Nasser Y., et al. “Pica” (2022).
  7. Kirar D and Pathak Dr V. “Impact of pica in pregnancy over feto maternal outcome at tertiary care ccenterin central India”. International Journal of Clinical Obstetrics and Gynaecology5 (2021): 72-75.
  8. Filipek A and Jurewicz E. “Preeklampsja - choroba kobiet w ciąży”. Postępy Biochemii4 (2018): 232-229.
  9. Ramos JGL., et al. “Preeclampsia”. Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia E Obstetrícia9 (2017): 496-512.
  10. Ives CW., et al. “Preeclampsia-Pathophysiology and Clinical Presentations: JACC State-of-the-Art Review”. Journal of the American College of Cardiology14 (2020): 1690-1702.
  11. Lk J and HM. “Hyperemesis Gravidarum”. Retrieved from PubMed website (2021).
  12. Liu C., et al. “Emerging Progress in Nausea and Vomiting of Pregnancy and Hyperemesis Gravidarum: Challenges and Opportunities”. Frontiers in Medicine (2022): 8.
  13. Kassa GM., et al. “Prevalence and determinants of adolescent pregnancy in Africa: a systematic review and Meta-analysis”. Reproductive Health1 (2018).
  14. Govender D., et al. “Scoping review of risk factors of and interventions for adolescent repeat pregnancies: A public health perspective”. African Journal of Primary Health Care and Family Medicine1 (2018).
  15. Vivatkusol Y., et al. “Inappropriate gestational weight gain among teenage pregnancies: prevalence and pregnancy outcomes”. International Journal of Women’s Health 9 (2017): 347-352.
  16. Pillarisetty LS and Sharma A. Pregnancy Intrahepatic Cholestasis (2022).
  17. Li L., et al. “Effect of Intrahepatic Cholestasis of Pregnancy on Neonatal Birth Weight: A Meta-Analysis”. Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology1 (2018): 38-43.
  18. Tan J., et al. “Association between Maternal Weight Indicators and Iron Deficiency Anemia during Pregnancy”. Chinese Medical Journal21 (2018): 2566-2574.
  19. Patel A., et al. “Maternal anemia and underweight as determinants of pregnancy outcomes: a cohort study in eastern rural Maharashtra, India”. BMJ Open8 (2018): e021623.
  20. Pigatti Silva F., et al. “Role of Body Mass Index and gestational weight gain on preterm birth and adverse perinatal outcomes”. Scientific Reports1 (2019).
  21. Tang J., et al. “Association of maternal pre-pregnancy low or increased body mass index with adverse pregnancy outcomes”. Scientific Reports1 (2021): 3831.
  22. Bellver J and Mariani G. “Impact of parental over- and underweight on the health of offspring”. Fertility and Sterility6 (2019): 1054-1064.
  23. Li C., et al. “Effect of maternal pre-pregnancy underweight and average gestational weight gain on physical growth and intellectual development of early school-aged children”. Scientific Reports (2018): 8.

Ecenur Özkul Erdoğan and Joudi Swaid. "The Effect of Maternal Underweight in Pregnancy and Pre-pregnancy on Fetal Birth Weight". EC Nutrition 18.5 (2023): 38-44.