Frequency of consumption of energy dense foods can lead to the prevalence of obesity and associated metabolic diseases. Obesity epidemic is still increasing globally, with its accompanying environmental pressures. This study focused on assessing the impacts of total energy intake, body mass index and frequency of food consumption on BMI among adults (aged 20 - 64 years) population in Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria. The study gathered information on total energy intake using 24hr dietary recall to determine the caloric intake (kcal/d) compared with Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA). The Body Mass Index (BMI) using cut off ≥ 30 kg/m2 and food consumption frequency was obtained on daily and weekly basis on food groups consumed. The results showed the energy intake levels of range between 3379 - 3507 kcal/d for rural males, 1366 - 2864 kcal/d for rural females; and 3416 - 3798 kcal/d for urban males, 2331 - 2924 kcal/d for urban females. Both urban and rural males and females had average BMIs of less than 30 kg/m2, putting them in the overweight category. The frequency of food consumption (predominantly energy-dense foods) is seen to be on the high side, which reflects as moderately high BMI of the respondents. The findings is reflective of the obesity pandemic in the developing countries compared to developed countries that are already in nutrition transition.
Keywords: Food Consumption; BMI; Adult Nigerians
AS Adekoya and CI Ojo. "Impacts of Frequency of Food Consumption on BMI of Adult Nigerians". EC Nutrition 18.6 (2023): 01-08.
© 2023 AS Adekoya and CI Ojo. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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