EC Nutrition

Research Article Volume 19 Issue 4 - 2024

Food Insecurity in the United States: Implications for Health Outcomes and the Role of Food Assistance Programs

Kyle Copp1*, Kendall Brune2 and TimMarie Williams1

1University of the Incarnate Word School of Osteopathic Medicine, USA

2Arise Veteran Foundation, USA

*Corresponding Author: Kyle Copp, School of Medicine, University of the Incarnate Word School of Osteopathic Medicine, USA.
Received: March 18, 2024; Published: April 04, 2024

Food insecurity persists as a significant challenge in the United States, impacting diverse demographic groups. Understanding its health implications and the effectiveness of food assistance programs is critical. This review synthesized recent literature from databases such as ProQuest Public Health Database and PubMed, focusing on studies published since January 1, 2014. Search terms included food insecurity, health outcomes, chronic diseases, and rural communities. Relevant studies referenced in the articles were also included. The review reveals the complex relationship between food insecurity and adverse health outcomes, notably chronic diseases like cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, and obesity. Vulnerable populations, including children, the elderly, minorities, individuals with disabilities and those in rural or economically distressed areas, bear a disproportionate burden. Moreover, the role of food assistance programs, such as Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) and community-based interventions, in alleviating food insecurity and improving health outcomes is underscored. Evidence suggests that SNAP participation is associated with positive health outcomes and reduced healthcare costs among low-income individuals and families. Community-based interventions also play a significant role in addressing food insecurity and promoting nutrition education and social connections. Challenges persist in effectively addressing food insecurity, particularly in rural and underserved communities, due to geographic disparities and social determinants of health. Comprehensive strategies are needed, requiring collaboration among policymakers, communities, and individuals. Continued research, advocacy, and action are essential to combat food insecurity and its adverse health effects. Policymakers must prioritize supportive policies, communities should establish sustainable food systems, and individuals can advocate for food justice to ensure access to nutritious food and good health for all.

 Keywords: Food Security; Health Outcomes; Cardiovascular Disease; Diabetes; Obesity; Food Assistance Programs

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Kyle Copp., et al., “Food Insecurity in the United States: Implications for Health Outcomes and the Role of Food Assistance Programs”. EC Nutrition  19.4 (2024): 01-10.