EC Nutrition

Research Article Volume 18 Issue 3 - 2023

Enzyme Assisted Aqueous Extraction of Oil from Fig-Leaf Gourd Seed (Cucurbita ficifolia) and Physico-Chemical and Quality Characteristics of the Oil

Hanh MT Tran and Tuan Q Dang*

Department of Food Technology, International University-VNU-HoChiMinh City, Vietnam

*Corresponding Author: Tuan Q Dang, Department of Food Technology, International University (VNU-HCMC); Quarter 6, Linh Trung Ward, Thu Duc City, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.
Received: March 11, 2023; Published: March 20, 2023

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of enzymatic treatment in enzyme-assisted aqueous extraction of oil from Fig-leaf gourd seeds (Cucurbita ficifolia). Two commercial enzymes (Viscozyme L and Alcalase 2.4L) were screened for their effectiveness in releasing oil from the seeds. Several process parameters including enzyme concentration, temperature and duration for enzyme incubation were investigated in term of their effect on oil yield. Application of Alcalase 2.L resulted in significantly higher oil yield (23.33%), than that with Viscozyme L (18.75%) and the control (without enzyme) (14%). The highest oil yield was obtained under the following conditions: enzyme concentration 1.5% (v/w of dried matter) and incubation at 50°C for 2h with constant shaking. While the enzymes enhanced the oil extraction, the oil yield was still significantly lower than that obtained by Soxhlet method. The oil extracted from fig-leaf gourd seeds contained flavonoids (15.834 mg/100g), carotenoids (54.083 mg/100g), and exhibited radical scavenging activity (33.42%). The oil was of good quality with the peroxide value of 1.92 meqO2/kg and free fatty acid of 2.4%. Fatty acid composition of the oil exhibited the predominant of linoleic acid (53.24%) along with oleic acid (19.6%) and palmitic acid (16.73%). Total unsaturated fatty acid in oil was 73.52% thus the fig-leaf gourd seed oil may be considered as a potential source of nutraceuticals.

Keywords: Antioxidant; Cucurbita ficifolia; Enzyme Assisted Aqueous Extraction; Oil Quality; Oil Yield

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Hanh MT Tran and Tuan Q Dang. "Enzyme Assisted Aqueous Extraction of Oil from Fig-Leaf Gourd Seed (Cucurbita ficifolia) and Physico-Chemical and Quality Characteristics of the Oil". EC Nutrition  18.3 (2023): 11-22.