Hypertension is the major cause of cardiovascular diseases and death in the world. Hypertension is the most prevalent non-communicable disease in India. The overall prevalence of hypertension in India was 29.8%. DASH refers to Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension. The DASH diet is a healthy eating lifelong strategy that's designed for hypertension management. The DASH diet seeks to encourage reducing dietary sodium and eating a variety of nutrient-rich foods that helps in lowering BP, such as potassium, magnesium, and calcium. Previous research studies reported that the DASH diet may also aid in weight reduction and lowers risks of cancer, metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes and heart diseases. However, most of the DASH-related research has been done in the U.S.A. and secondly in Iran, since in India DASH diet, awareness seems to be low. Hence in India, treatment with DASH and control through DASH statuses are found to be low. The key fact is that this diet needs to be promoted as routine in patient care by healthcare personnel such as physicians, nurses, and dieticians to increase the awareness of the DASH diet among the public. It is considered as the dietary pattern of DASH can easily be adopted by all demographic groups and is cost-effective in the prevention (primary and secondary) of raised BP and its complications. The review aims to promote the DASH diet and its awareness among Indians to perform clinical trials from an Indian perspective as it may be an easy and effective way to reduce blood pressure.
Keywords: Hypertension; Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension; Blood Pressure; Hypertension Management; DASH Diet
Anjali Singh and Narsingh Verma. "Defining DASH Diet: A Nutritionally Potent Dietary Plan for Hypertension Management". EC Nutrition 18.6 (2023): 39-50.
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