EC Psychology and Psychiatry

Research Article Volume 12 Issue 6 - 2023

Factors Associated with Anxiety Disorders among Healthcare Workers (HCWS) Involved in the Health Crisis COVID 19

Carole Pélissier1,2*, Mariasole Varano1, Martine Moulin1, Pierre Carcasset1 and Luc Fontana1,2

1Occupational Health Service University Hospital of Saint-Etienne, Saint Etienne, France

2Univ Lyon, Univ Lyon 1, Univ St Etienne, Univ Gustave Eiffel, Saint Etienne, France

*Corresponding Author: Carole Pélissier, Occupational Health Service University Hospital of Saint-Etienne, Saint Etienne, France.
Received: March 30, 2023; Published:June 29, 2023

This study aims to assess the prevalence of anxiety disorders in healthcare workers (HCWs) by COVID-19 sectors and to investigate medical, personal, and occupational factors associated with anxiety disorder among.

In France, in May 2020, a monocentric observational cross-sectional study was proposed to 285 HCWs of the University Hospital of Saint-Etienne, working in 3 types of randomly selected care services. Information was collected using an anonymous self-questionnaire offered to eligible HCWs. Validated questionnaires were used to assess anxiety (Hospital anxiety and Depression Scale) and burnout (Maslach Burnout Inventory).

Of the 164 HCWs who participated in the study (57% participation rate), 69 (42%) caregivers had anxious symptomatology. The prevalence of anxiety disorders did not differ significantly by type of service. Anxiety disorders are significantly associated with occupational factors (increased COVID-19 stress level, increased emotional load, increased mental load, high work/life stress during confinement, emotional exhaustion and loss of empathy), with medical factors (medical history of anxiety disorders, psychotropic treatment and impaired sleep quality) and personal factors (concern about working conditions and/or media reports).

Preventive actions focusing on organizational factors could be carried out to reduce the emotional and mental load, the level of stress and the burnout of HCWs.

Keywords: COVID 19 and Mental Health; Occupational Stress; Burnout; Employee Mental Health

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Carole Pélissier., et al. Factors Associated with Anxiety Disorders among Healthcare Workers (HCWS) Involved in the Health Crisis COVID 19. EC Psychology and Psychiatry 12.6 (2023): 21-32.