EC Paediatrics

Research Article Volume 12 Issue 4 - 2023

Quality of Life in Mothers of Food-Allergic Children did not Improve After Children Became Asymptomatic: A Prospective Cohort Study

Priscila Nalim Sauretti1, Luiza Tavares Santiago Amaral1, Mary Assis Carvalho2, Juliana Tedesco Dias2 and Nilton Carlos Machado2*

1Postgraduate Student Researcher of Botucatu Medical School - Sao Paulo State University, Botucatu, Sao Paulo, Brazil
2Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, Department of Pediatrics, Botucatu Medical School - São Paulo State University, Botucatu, Sao Paulo, Brazil

*Corresponding Author:Nilton Carlos Machado, Associate Professor of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, Department of Pediatrics, Botucatu Medical School - São Paulo State University, Botucatu, Sao Paulo, Brazil.
Received: March 20, 2023; Published: March 31, 2023

Introduction and Aims: Evaluate the Quality of Life (QoL) in mothers of Food-Allergic (FA) children and explore the relationship between scores of QoL domains and The CoMiSSTM.

Methods: An observational, prospective cohort study of children referred for initial evaluation of FA. Inclusion criteria: mothers capable of answering the WHOQOLBREF; not receive any psychological intervention; children ≤ 36 months and diagnosis of FA. Exclusion criteria: children with chronic co-morbidities. The WHOQOL-BREF and The CoMiSSTM were administered at the diagnosis (T0), and The WHOQOLBREF was reapplied at least eight weeks after children were asymptomatic (T1).

Results: 86 mothers/children were evaluated. Children's median (months) age was 5,3, and the duration of symptoms was 4.0. Children are adequate in birth weight/length and nutritional conditions. There were positive, highly significant Spearman intercorrelations between the different QoL domains of the WHOQOL-BREF. Also, a negative correlation between the children's Total CoMiSSTM score and the WHOQOLBREF scores domains. The questionnaire was reapplied to 34 mothers at T1, and the median interval between the two questionnaires was nine months. There was no statistically significant difference between T0 and T1 for four WHOQOL-BREF domains, Overall QoL and Satisfaction with Health. A small Effect Size was observed for the Facets of the Physical domain (Mobility, Sleep, and Rest), the Psychological domain (Positive Feelings, Body Image, and Appearance, Negative Feelings), and the Environment domain (Participation and Support of Leisure Activities).

Conclusion: The WHOQOL-BREF was appropriate for evaluating the QoL. Mothers demonstrated no improvement in QoL after the child had adequate milk formula and was asymptomatic.

Keywords: Quality of Life; Food Allergy; Cow's Milk Protein Allergy; Children; Parents; Mothers

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Sauretti., et al. Quality of Life in Mothers of Food-Allergic Children did not Improve After Children Became Asymptomatic: A Prospective Cohort Study. EC Paediatrics 12.4 (2023): 54-64.