EC Paediatrics

Research Article Volume 12 Issue 2 - 2023

Prevalence of Anemia in Newborns According to Birth Weight and Gestational Age at RSUP Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung in 2018

Ikhlashil Asfarina*, Merry Wijaya and Fiva Aprilia Kadi

Faculty of Medicine, Padjadjaran University, Sumedang, Indonesia

*Corresponding Author: Ikhlashil Asfarina, Faculty of Medicine, Padjadjaran University, Sumedang, Indonesia.
Received: October 14, 2022; Published: January 31, 2023

Background: Anemia in newborns can disrupt growth and development of infants and affect cardiorespiratory system which can cause death in infants. Research on prevalence of anemia in newborns according to birth weight and gestational age in Indonesia is still very rare.

Objective: Knowing the prevalence of anemia in newborns based on birth weight and gestational age.

Methods: Descriptive research with a cross-sectional method using secondary data from Neonatology Division Registration System Department of Children's Health RSUP DR. Hasan Sadikin Bandung. The inclusion criteria of this study were infants born alive at RSUP Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung in the period 1 January 2018 to 31 December 2018. The exclusion criteria for this study were incomplete medical records, which could be deleted or inaccessible. Gestational age, baby's birth weight and anemia status were approved by looking at hemoglobin levels that were included in the medical record.

Result: A total of 1494 newborns according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. The results showed that 14.5% of newborns had anemia. The results of the analysis of anemia status based on birth weight and age showed 79.2% of patients born with low birth weight and 75.9% of patients born prematurely.

Conclusion: The prevalence of anemia in low birth weight and premature is low compared to normal and full term baby.

Keywords: Anemia; Low Birth Weight Infant; Premature

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Ikhlashil Asfarina., et al. Prevalence of Anemia in Newborns According to Birth Weight and Gestational Age at RSUP Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung in 2018. EC Paediatrics 12.2 (2023): 68-73.