EC Paediatrics

Review Article Volume 12 Issue 1 - 2023

Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Southern Africa: Management Perspectives

Kasu S1,2* and Chikanza IC2

1Department of Rheumatology, The Royal London Hospital, London, United Kingdom and The Catholic University, Harare and Medical School, University of Zimbabwe, Harare, Zimbabwe
2Occupational Therapy Unit, Department of Psychiatry, Medical School, University of Zimbabwe, Harare, Zimbabwe

*Corresponding Author: Kasu S, Occupational Therapy Unit, Department of Psychiatry, Medical School, University of Zimbabwe, Harare, Zimbabwe.
Received: August 12, 2022; Published: December 29, 2022

We have assessed the management of ADHD in Southern Africa as well as the serviced that are available for such children. We report that the management of ADHD in southern Africa is deficient no adequate attention is being given to the condition in the majority of the southern African states. Furthermore, ADHD it is under-reported and undertreated in low- income settings. Most articles were about the effectiveness of educators managing ADHD in the classroom. A need for on- going support and training of educators on the management of children with ADHD was highlighted. The medication and other treatment modalities offered by different health professionals who manage ADHD were discussed. However, the information on how some health professionals manage ADHD was limited, for example, the management of ADHD by occupational therapists and psychologists. There was also limited information on how parents were managing their children with ADHD and further research is required to provide insight into this. We conclude that, further studies are required in Southern Africa regarding the management of ADHD in order to improve the welfare of children with ADHD and provide more effective and contextually relevant care.

Keywords: Management of ADHD; Southern Africa; Children

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Kasu S and Chikanza IC. Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Southern Africa: Management Perspectives. EC Paediatrics 12.1 (2023): 74-82.