EC Neurology

Research Article Volume 15 Issue 7 - 2023

Prevalence and Risk Factors Associated with Low Back Pain among Nurses in Abha, Saudi Arabia: A Cross-Sectional Study

Ali Alnasser1*, Abdullah Saeed2 and Rajaa Al-Raddadi3

1Department of Public Health, King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia

2Action Research, Ministry of Health, Saudi Arabia

3Department of Community Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia

*Corresponding Author: Ali Alnasser, Department of Public Health, King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia.
Received: November 02, 2023; Published: December 07, 2023

Background: Low back pain (LBP) is a common health issue among healthcare workers and is more common in nurses. It negatively impacts nurses’ productivity, leading to low-quality care.

Objectives: To investigate the prevalence and risk factors of LBP among nurses in Abha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA).

Design: Cross-sectional analytic study with multistage random and clustered sampling techniques.

Setting: This study was performed among nurses working at three government hospitals and three primary healthcare centers (PHCCs) in Abha, KSA. Cluster sampling was used for five PHCCs located in the northern, central, southern, eastern, and western areas of Abha.

Patients and Methods: A self-administered questionnaire comprising four parts (a sociodemographic, work-related, and medical factors questionnaire; the Nordic musculoskeletal questionnaire; the perceived stress scale; and the Oswestry LBP disability questionnaire) was distributed to nurses from the selected institutions.

Main Outcome Measures: Prevalence and risk factors for LBP.

Sample Size: With a population size of 1,900, a sample of 152 participants was required; however, to accommodate non-respondents, the sample size was increased to 175 participants.

Results: Overall, 166 of the 175 nurses participated. Multiple regression analysis for factors that are independently associated with LBP revealed that nurses who were Saudi (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 3.32; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.44 - 7.65), were married (aOR = 4.21; 95% CI: 1.59 - 11.14), lifted and assisted patients manually (aOR = 5.42; 95% CI: 1.53 - 19.19), had increased stress scores (aOR = 1.09; 95% CI: 1.01 - 1.18), and worked more than 8 h/day (aOR = 3.33; 95% CI: 1.41 - 7.82) were more likely to experience LBP.

Conclusion: The LBP prevalence in the study population was high; the cumulative, annual, and weekly LBP prevalence rates were 65.0%, 89.8%, and 56.7%, respectively. Risk factors significantly associated with LBP in nurses included being Saudi, being married, lifting and assisting patients manually, stress, and working more than 8 h/day.

Limitations: First, we were unable to determine any causal relationships between exposure (such as perceived stress) and LBP. Second, self-reported questionnaires can be affected by a participant’s feelings. Third, due to the small number of male nurses, it was difficult to determine whether there was an association between sex and LBP.

 Keywords: Low Back Pain; Prevalence; Risk Factors; Nurses

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Ali Alnasser., et al. “Prevalence and Risk Factors Associated with Low Back Pain among Nurses in Abha, Saudi Arabia: A Cross-Sectional Study”. EC Neurology  15.7 (2023): 01-14.