EC Microbiology

Review Article Volume 18 Issue 12 - 2022

Recapitulating the Management of Hypertension

Sami Saleh Eid1*, Waleed Alsalhi2, Amani Hashim Mahdi3, Sultan Majdi Alsheikh4, Feddah Mohammed Hakami5, Mouhab Rafiq Jamalaldeen6, Abdulrahman Ali Shata7, Fatimah Adnan Alradhi8, Abdulrahman Mansour S Aldhahri9, Fahad Mohammed Alhuzaimi10, Elaf Fawaz M Alharbi11, Abdulrahman Mohammed Khalid Tashkandi12, Hassna Hussein Alharthi13 and Abdulaziz Jarallah Naser Alobaidi14

1King Fahd Hospital, Almarwah Primary Health Care Center, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

2Majmaah University, Almajmaah, Saudi Arabia

3National Guard Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

4King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

5Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia

6Diriyah Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

7Ajyad Emergency Hospital, Makkah, Saudi Arabia

8Dammam Medical Complex, Dammam, Saudi Arabia

9King Abdulaziz University, Rabigh, Saudi Arabia

10King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

11Ibn Sina College, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

12Hera General Hospital, Makkah, Saudi Arabia

13King Faisal Medical Complex, Taif, Saudi Arabia

14Imam Abdulrrhman Alfaisal Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

*Corresponding Author: Sami Saleh Eid, Family Medicine Consultant, King Fahd Hospital, Almarwah Primary Health Care Center, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
Received: November 19, 2022; Published: November 28, 2022

Introduction: Every year, approximately 2 million new cases of hypertension are diagnosed. On a worldwide scale, approximately 1 billion people are hypertensive, and it is projected to reach a mark of 1.56 billion by the end of 2025. Hypertension is the most prominent reason for death and the second most common reason for disability-adjusted life. Hypertension is the leading cause of strokes, including cerebral and subarachnoid hemorrhage, heart diseases, kidney-related diseases, and macrovascular diseases. A good understanding of lifestyle modifications and the usage of pharmacological agents in a supervised manner can help reduce hypertension and let the patients achieve an appropriate blood pressure goal. Hypertension is the number one modifiable risk factor that can be easily controlled through lifestyle modifications and pharmacological options reducing the life-threatening complications associated with it.

Aim of Work: The present study aims to review the management of hypertension.

Methodology: The review is a comprehensive research of PUBMED and Google scholar from the year 1999 to 2022.

Conclusion: Hypertension is a modifiable global epidemic. If not treated at the right time, hypertension can lead to many risk factors leading to morbidity and mortality. The first step in hypertension management should be lifestyle modification which has proven to reduce blood pressure values to a great extent. Most patients require a pharmacological intervention which should be initiated at the initial stage to increase efficiency and reduce side effects. Monotherapy might not be sufficient for some patients, and they require a combination of drugs to control hypertension. A thorough management technique for hypertension includes a good screening, initiation of the pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment plan at the right time, good communication between the patient and the healthcare worker, and good patient compliance.


Keywords: Hypertension; Diuretics; DASH Diet; Vasodilator; Beta-Blockers

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Sami Saleh Eid., et al. “Recapitulating the Management of Hypertension”. EC Microbiology  18.12 (2022): 60-68.