EC Microbiology

Review Article Volume 18 Issue 12 - 2022

Overview of Postoperative Complication

Amira R Albannai1*, Waleed Alsalhi2, Ahmad Salah Bubshait3, Abdulaziz Mohammed Ghibban4, Ayaa Mubarak Muhamedahmed Aboush5, Qasem Adnan Alnahwi6, Hanan Ahmed Kabli7, Mohammed Abbas Al Omran6, Abdullah Salman Alhassan8, Najmah Abdullah Almowina9, Abdulrahman Tariq Tabbakh10, Hussain Mirza Alhalal11, Tamim Abdullah Almoqbell12, Yazeed Hamdan Alwabisi13

1General medical Committee – Dammam – Saudi Arabia
2Majmaah University – AlMajmaah - Saudi Arabia
3Security Forces Hospital - Dammam - Saudi Arabia
4Medical University of Lodz - Poland
5King Khaled Hospital -Najran- Saudi Arabia
6Prince Saud Bin Jalawi Hospital- Ahsa- Saudi Arabia
7King Abdulaziz Hospital - Jeddah - Saudi Arabia
8King Fahad Hospital – Hofuf - Saudi Arabia
9Ministry Of Health- Saudi Arabia
10King Fahad General Hospital - Jeddah- Saudi Arabia
11Dammam Medical Complex - Dammam- Saudi Arabia
12Durma Hospital- Riyadh - Saudi Arabia
13Tabuk University - Tabuk - Saudi Arabia

*Corresponding Author: Amira R. Albannai - MD, PHD, FM, DIP-IPC, General medical Committee – Dammam – Saudi Arabia.
Received: November 16, 2022;Published: November 21, 2022

Introduction: Deviations that take place from the normal course of healing post-surgery are termed postoperative complications. Complications can be associated with any minor or major surgeries regardless of the best efforts put in by the surgeon preoperatively and postoperatively. As the number of surgical procedures is increasing over the years, so are the complications and the mental and financial burden posed to the patient, their family, and the surgeon.

Aim of Work: This review aims at overviewing the most common postoperative complications and their management.

Methodology: The review is a comprehensive research of PUBMED and Google scholar from the year 2004 to 2020.

Conclusion: Postoperative complications can be treated by close monitoring of the patient post-surgery. Preoperative preparations for certain risk factors like bleeding disorders, cardiac or respiratory impairment, obesity, etc. also help in reducing the incidence of post-op complications. If the patient shows any signs of complications, he should be immediately taken into observation and aggressive treatment planning should be done at a multidisciplinary level in order to manage the complication at the earliest. Postoperative complications pose a great financial and psychosocial burden on the patient as well as the healthcare system. Early management of such complications leads to a faster healing time for the patient and decreased rate of morbidity and mortality.


Keywords: Surgical Site Infection (SSI); Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS); Hypovolemic Shock; Atelectasis; Thromboembolism

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Amira R Albannai., et al. “Overview of Postoperative Complication”. EC Microbiology  18.12 (2022): 27-33.