EC Microbiology

Research Article Volume 19 Issue 5 - 2023

Molecular Characterisation of Multidrug Resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa from Clinical Specimen in University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Rivers State, Nigeria

Karibo George Furo1*, Dunga KM3, Awopeju ATO1, Lawson SD4, Aaron UU5* and Tatfeng YM2

1Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, College of Health Science, University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt, Nigeria

2Medical Laboratory Science, College of Health Science, Niger Delta University, Bayelsa State, Nigeria

3Medical Laboratory Science, College of Health Science, Madonna University, Elele, Rivers State, Nigeria

4Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, College of Health Science, Rivers State University, Port Harcourt, Nigeria

5Medical Laboratory Science, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, College of Health Science, University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author: Aaron UU, Medical Laboratory Science, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, College of Health Science, University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria and Karibo George Furo, Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, College of Health Science, University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt, Nigeria.
Received: February 16, 2023; Published: April 20, 2023

Antibiotic resistance is an international communal wellbeing apprehension and occurs through several defined mechanisms. However, Pseudomonas species have been said to have genes that code for beta-lactamase production, some of such genes are SHV, CTX-M and AMPC. This study was aimed at detecting SHV, CTX-M and AMPC genes in multi-drug resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The isolates were cultured on MacConkey agar and antibiotic sensitivity were done on Mueller-Hinton agar. Phenotypically identified was by Gram staining and biochemical testing. DNA extraction was carried out by boiling method and gene detection was done. Of the 135 Pseudomonas isolates studied, consequently, 81 (60%) of Pseudomonas spp isolates were multi-drug resistant. The distribution of the isolates by specimen revealed that, 32 (23.7%), 2 (1.5%), 37 (27.4%), 6 (4.4%), 2 (1.5%) and 2 (1.5%) were from urine, ear, wound, blood culture, abdominal fluid and pleural fluid respectively. Out of the six antibiotics used in this study, Ceftriaxone and Cefuroxime were the most resistant 75 (95.6%). The distribution of resistance genes showed that Molecular characterization with 16s rRNA markers revealed that some isolates that were phenotypically characterized as Pseudomonas spp whereas it was Alcaligenes faecalis. Conclusively, this study showed the presence of AmpC gene among Pseudomonas isolates from UPTH, thus patients can be treated effectively by the knowledge of the drug mechanism.

Keywords: SHV; CTX-M; AMPC; Multidrug Resistant Pseudomonas

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Karibo George Furo., et al. “Molecular Characterisation of Multidrug Resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa from Clinical Specimen in University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Rivers State, Nigeria”. EC Microbiology  19.5 (2023): 22-36.