King Khalid Hospital, Saudi Arabia
Background: Low back pain (LBP) is the highly prevalent musculoskeletal condition, and causes activity limitations resulting in reduced productivity and high medical expenditure. Muscle Energy Technique (MET) is a therapeutic technique that has the potential to be successful in LBP, although the evidence for this notion is still inconclusive. The effectiveness of the muscular energy technique on pain intensity and disability for individuals with chronic low back pain was evaluated in published studies through this systematic review of the literature.
Methods: Pub Med, Scopus, Science Direct, The Cochrane Library, Ovid, Clinicaltrials.gov, and Embase were searched until October 30, 2022. Randomized controlled studies reporting on the effectiveness of muscles energy technique on pain intensity and disability for chronic low back patients were included. Information related to demographics, number and duration of treatment, MET protocol, assessment tools used for pain and disability, and key findings were extracted. The PEDro classification scale was used to assess the methodological quality of studies.
Results: 17 research studies (including 817 participants) were retrieved and included for qualitative analysis. The studies published between 2011 and 2022 were retrieved, and the sample size ranged from 10 to one hundred twenty-five participants. The age of the subjects ranged between 18 - 60 years, and interventions were done between 2 days to 12 weeks. Of the included 17 studies, 05 were from Egypt, 04 were from India, 2 each from Iran, Nigeria and one each from Brazil, Poland, Thailand and Pakistan. In comparison to other interventions or the control groups, MET was found to significantly, although modestly, decrease the severity of pain and reduce functional disability in patients with chronic LBP. Most of the included studies had moderate to high study quality.
Conclusion: In patients with CLBP, MET alone as well as in conjunction with other interventions was found to be beneficial in reducing pain intensity, improving lumbar spine range of motion, and decreasing the degree of functional disability.
Keywords: Muscle Energy Technique; Chronic Pain; Low Back Pain; Functional Disability
Saeid Al Matif., et al. "Effectiveness of Muscles Energy Technique on Pain Intensity and Disability for Chronic Low Back Patients". EC Microbiology 19.6 (2023): 43-57.
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