EC Microbiology

Research Article Volume 19 Issue 6 - 2023

Determination of Microbial Isolates Contamination of Yoghurt from Different Factories in Dohuk City

Warveen I Abdulrhman1 and Karkaz M Thalij2*

1College of Agriculture, Dohuk University, Dohuk, Kurdistan Region, Iraq

2Department of Food Science, Tikrit University, Tikrit, Iraq

*Corresponding Author: Karkaz M Thalij, Department of Food Science, Tikrit University, Tikrit, Iraq.
Received: March 28, 2023; Published: April 10, 2023

This study was conducted to the identification of microbial species isolates that contaminated yoghurt samples and to determine the viable microbial total counts, also the coliform counts, Staphylococcus, lactic acid bacteria (LAB) and the fungi counts, in addition to the pH levels after storage the samples for 7 or 30 days in refrigerator temperature at 5ºC from eight dairy factories in Dohuk city.

The results were shows that the total viable microbial counts significantly increased (p < 0.05) and appeared between log 6.25 to 9.25 CFU/ml after the end storage period, while, the LAB significantly decreased in all yoghurt samples and became between log 4.23 to 4.60 CFU/ml, compared with the counts at initial storage at between log 8.14 to 12.20 CFU/ml. The coliform, Staphylococcus and fungal isolates were found only at the end of yoghurt samples storage periods and some of its samples were not to detected in its. The range of pH for all yoghurt samples at the end of storage periods was 3.62 to 4.05 compared with the range at the initial storage periods at 3.97 to 4.40. The microbial isolates from yoghurt samples were the Staphylococcus sp., E. coli, Klebsiella sp. and Pseudomonas luteola, Lactobacillus bulgaricus, Aspergillus sp., Penicillium sp., and the yeast in all of the samples. Also, it that appears some bacterial isolates were completely resistant to antibiotics.

Keywords: Yoghurt; Microbial Contamination; Dairy Factories; Safety; Dohuk

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Warveen I Abdulrhman and Karkaz M Thalij. “Determination of Microbial Isolates Contamination of Yoghurt from Different Factories in Dohuk City”. EC Microbiology  19.6 (2023): 08-16.