1Department of Biological Science Education, Akenten Appiah-Menka University of Skills Training and Entrepreneurial Development (AAMUSTED), Asante Mampong Campus, Ghana
2Department of Public Health Education, Akenten Appiah-Menka University of Skills Training and Entrepreneurial Development (AAMUSTED), Asante Mampong Campus, Ghana
3Department of Pharmaceutics, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana
Background: The World Health Organization (WHO) endorses the COVID-19 vaccination as the most effective method of curbing the SARS-CoV-2 infection. Vaccine hesitancy is ranked among the top ten significant global health threats due to people's perceptions and conspiracies. However, there is a scarcity of data on university students’ vaccination status in Ghana.
Aim: The purpose of the study was to determine the attitudes of Ghanaian university students towards COVID-19 and its vaccination program.
Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional survey was used to assess students' perceptions of the COVID-19 vaccination program using standardized questionnaires. A total of 1000 validated questionnaires were distributed to respondents, and 700 responded, indicating a 70% response rate.
Results: The results revealed that 55.3% of the respondents were vaccinated [X2 (1) = 7.734, p < 0.05] with a few (38.5%) having shown some form of adverse effects. About 38.5% of the participants had no idea about the type of vaccine they took, while most of them (89.4%) desired to recommend the vaccine to those who haven’t yet taken their jab [Χ2 (1) = 223.089, p < 0.05)]. Out of the 381 (53%) that were vaccinated, 219 (59.7%) did so willingly trusting the approval of the vaccines by World Health Organization (WHO) meanwhile a few of the participants [Χ2 (5) = 1419.210, p < 0.05] had misconceptions and doubts about the vaccine. It was also observed that conspiracy theories impede the uptake of the COVID-19 vaccine. From the study, the binary logistic regression analysis of the data discovered that age has a significant impact on the vaccination status of students [AOR = 0.351, CI (0.136, 0.911), P-value = 0.031].
Conclusion: The rate of COVID-19 vaccination coverage among Ghanaian university students is lower than expected. Mistrust, misconceptions, conspiracy theories, and socio-demographic factors are major impediments to vaccine success in Ghana. The study's findings suggest that any interventions aimed at increasing COVID-19 vaccination uptake among university students should focus on mass education in order to build participants' trust in vaccination and decrease misconceptions and conspiracy theories about the vaccination program.
Keywords: Pandemic; Vaccination; Vaccine Hesitancy; Conspiracy Theory; SARS-CoV-2; COVID-19
Ebenezer Assoah., et al. “Covid-19 Vaccine Uptake among University Students in Ghana: A Case Study of First-year AAMUSTED Students”. EC Microbiology 19.6 (2023): 61-77.
© 2023 Ebenezer Assoah., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Open Access by ECronicon is
licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution
4.0 International License
Based on a work at www.ecronicon.net