EC Ophthalmology

Research Article Volume 15 Issue 5 - 2024

Profile of Eye Trauma in Children Aged 0 to 14 Years Old at Iota Chu

Tall Aichata1*, Bamenta Ibrahim2, Ba Kadiatou1, Sidibe Moro3, Diallo Seydou1, Mariko Brehima1, Toure Ousmane1, Toure Aoua Ibrahima1, Sogodogo Cheick1, Coulibaly Brainima1 and Sylla Fatoumata1

1Department of Bioengineering, BGKT Consulting Ltd, Huntington, New York, USA
22Ophthalmology Department, Sominé Dolo Mopti Regional Hospital, Mali
33Ophthalmology Department, Sikasso Regional Hospital, Mali

*Corresponding Author: Tall Aichata, University Hospital Center, Institute of Tropical Ophthalmology of Africa (CHU-IOTA) Bamako, Mali.
Received: April 12, 2024; Published: May 06, 2024

Introduction: Several children are victims of eye trauma of various origins. This work aims to study the profile of ocular trauma in children aged 0 to 14 years.

Materials and Methods: Prospective and descriptive study carried out over a period of 6 months, involving 164 subjects aged 0 to 14 years. All patients underwent a complete ophthalmological examination, followed by both medical and surgical treatment.

Result: The age group of 0 to 9 years was the most affected (76.23%). The average age was 7 years. The distribution of subjects showed a male predominance (57.3%). Nearly half (51.22%) consulted within the first 24 hours; games (39%) and domestic accidents (31.7%) were the major causes of trauma. Furthermore, the main agents of trauma were metal objects (28.1%). The lesions were most localized at the level of the eyeball (80.5%). The different types of trauma encountered were contusions (29.9%), deep corneal wounds (28.65). Depending on the lesions identified, 50.6% benefited from surgical treatment, including 73.5%.

Conclusion: There is a need for adequate and early care, to raise awareness among parents for prevention and good supervision of children during their movements.

 Keywords: Trauma; Profile; Children

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Tall Aichata., et al. "Profile of Eye Trauma in Children Aged 0 to 14 Years Old at Iota Chu." EC Ophthalmology 15.5 (2024): 01-06.