EC Nursing and Healthcare

Research Article Volume 6 Issue 1 - 2024

Knowledge and Associated Factors of House and Environment Hygiene among Household Mothers in Maksegnit District, Central Gondar Zone, Northwest Ethiopia: A Community-Based Cross-Sectional Study

Agerie Mengistie Zeleke1*, Worku Chekole Tasew2 and Zemene Habtu Lakew2

1Department of Midwifery, School of Public Health, Teda Health Science College, Gondar, Ethiopia

2Department of Nursing, School of Public Health, Teda Health Science College, Gondar, Ethiopia

3Department of Public Health, School of Public Health, Teda Health Science College, Gondar, Ethiopia

*Corresponding Author:Agerie Mengistie Zeleke, Department of Midwifery, School of Public Health, Teda Health Science College, Gondar, Ethiopia.
Received: April 03, 2023;Published: June 14, 2023

Background: A significant proportion of diseases are communicable globally, with over 60% being linked to poor hygiene knowledge. The global problem of improved hygiene access has been exacerbated by a knowledge gap. Therefore, the aim of this study is to assess knowledge and associated factors of house and environment hygiene among mothers in Maksegnit District, Northwest Ethiopia, 2022.

Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 634 mothers. Systematically selected mothers in the Maksegnit District from 1 May, to 15 June 2022. Data were collected by trained data collectors via interview using a validated structured questionnaire and through observation of housing conditions. Data entry were done using Epi-Data version 4.6 and was exported to SPSS version 23 for further analysis. Bivariable and multivariable logistic regression models were done. An adjusted odds ratio with a 95% confidence interval was used to identify factors associated with level of good knowledge hygiene.

Results: Among 634 participants, 100% response rate. Of the total study participants, 459 (72.39%) mothers had good hygiene knowledge. In this study, urban dwellers' access to media (AOR: 1.61; 95% CI [1.04, 2.49]), the absence of flies in the house (AOR: 1.77; 95% CI: [1.08, 2.91]), food preparation in a separate room (AOR: 1.89; 95% CI: [1.13, 3.18]), food preparation outside in an open space to the main house (AOR: 4.72; 95% CI: [1.66, 13.56]) and participants who had a favorable level of attitude (AOR: 2.69; 95% CI: [1.33 - 2.82]) were significantly associated with knowledge of house and environment hygiene among household mothers.

Conclusion: In this study, the level of good hygiene knowledge is relatively low. As a result, interventions that would address the above-mentioned factors need to be implemented.

Keywords: Knowledge; Hygiene; Predictors; Mothers; Ethiopia

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Agerie Mengistie Zeleke., et al. “Knowledge and Associated Factors of House and Environment Hygiene among Household Mothers in Maksegnit District, Central Gondar Zone, Northwest Ethiopia: A Community-Based Cross-Sectional Study”. EC Nursing and Healthcare  6.1 (2024): 10-23.