Assistant Professor, Department of Homoeopathic Materia Medica, Bharati Vidyapeeth (Deemed to be University) Homoeopathic Medical College and Hospital, Pune, Maharashtra, India
Introduction: Underactive thyroid, or hypothyroidism, is a common endocrine condition marked by insufficient thyroid hormone production by the thyroid gland. It affects people of all ages, but women and older people are more likely to experience it. Various factors, such as autoimmune diseases, iodine shortages, prior thyroid surgery or radiation therapy, and congenital defects, might contribute to hypothyroidism. A variety of symptoms and consequences are brought on by the pathophysiology of hypothyroidism, which involves the impairment of normal thyroid hormone production. A lack of thyroid hormones can cause symptoms such as fatigue, weight gain, cold sensitivity, dry skin, hair loss, constipation, depression, and more. Thyroid hormones are essential for controlling a number of biological processes. Hypothyroidism can cause difficulties like heart disease, mental health problems, myxedema coma (a potentially fatal illness), nerve damage, infertility, and birth deformities if left untreated. Lab testing, physical exams and the study of the patient's medical history are all used to diagnose hypothyroidism. Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels, thyroid hormones (T4 and T3), and thyroid peroxidase antibodies (TPO) are frequently assessed through blood testing. Sonography is one imaging tool that can be used to examine the thyroid gland for nodules or other abnormalities. Also, complementary and alternative system of medicine plays an important role in the treatment of Hypothyroidism. Homoeopathic literature enlists many medicines for this condition, but there is a paucity of evidence-based published studies.
Case Discussion: A 39 year old female, presented with hypothyroidism for 11 years, suffering from constipation, hair fall and dryness. TSH value was 8.45 µIU/ml at beginning of treatment. Although she was advised lifelong intake of Levothyroxine, she opted for alternative medication. The detailed case was taken, and after analysis, totality was formed, repertorization was done and Natrium Muraticum was prescribed in 1M Potency. Her symptoms were alleviated within a short period, and blood reports revealed that there was decrease in TSH value to 5.12 µIU/ml after 5 months of treatment. Homeopathic medicine Natrium mur., was selected based on the totality of symptoms, was found to be effective in this case. Homeopathic treatment has shown favorable results in this case and demonstrates the scope of Homoeopathy in such cases.
Keywords: Chronic Hypothyroidism; Homoeopathic Medicine; Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone (TSH); Thyroid Peroxidase Antibodies (TPO)
Neha V Jadhavrao and Ruchita Jerath. Evidence Based Case Report - Chronic Hypothyroidism Treated with Individualized Homoeopathic Medicine. EC Gynaecology 12.7 (2023): 46-56.
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